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482 Workers

The Temporary Skill Shortage (Subclass 482) visa enables employers to address labour shortages by bringing in genuinely skilled workers where they cannot source an appropriately skilled Australian (replaced the Subclass 457 visa on 18 March 2018).
The Subclass 482 visa has two main Streams:

Short-Term Stream: 1-2 year visa with capacity for visa renewal onshore once only but no permanent residence pathway (STSOL occupation)

Medium-Term Stream: 1-4 year visa with capacity for visa renewal onshore and permanent residence pathway after 3 years (MLTSSL occupation)

There is a third Stream for Labour Agreement sponsors (this stream is available if the employer has entered into a labour agreement with the Department of Home Affairs). The Labour Agreement stream may be an option but it is a costly and lengthy process, it is not for unskilled labour and the positions must be at the ANZSCO Skill Level 1 (managers), Level 2 (professionals), Level 3 (technicians and trades workers) to Level 4 (community and personal service workers).

Sponsoring a foreign worker in Australia involves 3 Steps:

Step 1: Sponsorship Application

The business needs to be approved as a Standard Business Sponsor by lodging a Sponsorship application.

Step 2: Nomination Application

Employers nominate the position they wish to be filled by the skilled foreign worker (Nominee) by lodging a Nomination application which identifies the occupation to be filled.  Before submitting a Nomination application, the business must conduct labour market testing (unless exempt) and meet salary and employment requirements.  There are other nomination requirements.  To enable employers to sponsor skilled foreign workers the SAF training levy is payable from 12 August 2018 at the time of lodgement.  Either A$1,200 (business turnover less than A$10M) or A$1,800 (business turnover is A$10M or more) for each 482 Nominee and payable by the employer for each sponsored year.

Step 3: Visa Application

The applicant must be nominated, have appropriate skills and qualifications, demonstrate at least 2 years of work experience relevant to the nominated occupation, meet English language requirements, and may need a skills assessment (depends on occupation).  There are other visa requirements.

494 Workers

The Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Subclass 494) visa enables regional employers to address identified labour shortages within their region by sponsoring skilled workers.

Sponsoring a foreign worker in Australia involves 3 Steps:

Step 1: Sponsorship Application

The regional business needs to be approved as a Standard Business Sponsor by lodging a Sponsorship application.

Step 2: Nomination Application

Employers nominate the position they wish to be filled by the skilled foreign worker (Nominee) by lodging a Nomination application which identifies the occupation to be filled.  Before submitting a Nomination application, the business must conduct labour market testing (unless exempt) and meet salary and employment requirements.  There are other nomination requirements.  To enable employers to sponsor skilled foreign workers the SAF training levy is payable from 12 August 2018 at the time of lodgement.  Either A$3,000 (business turnover less than A$10M) or A$5,000 (business turnover is A$10M or more) for each 494 Nominee and payable by the employer (one-off payment).

Step 3: Visa Application

The applicant must be nominated, have appropriate skills and qualifications, demonstrate at least 3 years of work experience relevant to the nominated occupation, meet English language requirements, and will need a suitable skills assessment (unless exempt).  There are other visa requirements.