Skip to main content

Australian citizenship symbolises our unity as a nation. It represents commitment to Australia and its people, the values we share and our common future. It also symbolises the sense of belonging to the country where we have been born or where we have decided to make our own.

As an Australian citizen, you enjoy its democratic freedoms (such as, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of choice across all areas of life, such as politics, religion and education). You also enjoy Australia’s protection under national and international laws.

The benefits of citizenship include the right to vote, the right to stand for political office, the chance of a career in the Australian Defence Force and the opportunity to be employed by federal and state government departments and agencies.

To be eligible for Australian Citizenship by Conferral, an applicant will need to:

  • be a permanent resident at time of application and time of decision
  • satisfy the residence requirement
  • be of good character (applicant 18 years of age or over)
  • have a basic knowledge of the English language
  • intend to reside or maintain a close and continuing association with Australia
  • have an adequate knowledge of the responsibilities and privileges of Australian citizenship

The general residence requirement is based on the time you have lived in Australia and the time you have spent outside Australia.

You must:

  • have lived in Australia on a valid Australian visa for 4 years immediately before applying which must include the last 12 months as a permanent resident
  • not have been absent from Australia for more than 1 year in total in the 4-year period, including no more than 90 days in the 12 months before applying

Under some circumstances you might be eligible to apply for a variation to the residence requirement or be eligible under the special residence requirement.